강남오피 confiscate 오피닷컴 연예인 오피 test 오피사이트 청주 오피 강남오피 fetch 텐프로 부산 오피 정보 hear 업소사이트 오피 존스쿨 강남안마 dye 텐프로 오피 나무위키 complete 오피스타 오피 장부 번호 셔츠룸 wet 대구오피 오피 검색 cut 부산오피 1인샵 오피 풀싸롱 convince 오피사이트 창동 탐탐 오피 sleep 오피사이트 경기광주 오피 오피 hypnotize 인천달리기 오피 설현 erase 대구오피 노원 오피 후기 유흥업소 steal 대구의밤 의정부 오피 스타일 alight 강남오피 오피 개인정보 풀싸롱 eye 풀싸롱 구미 오피 후기 forget 강남오피 운서역 오피 풀싸롱 sally 강남오피 빡촌 오피 pour 강남안마 장신 오피 강남안마 mew 부산달리기 부천 오피 notice 부천오피 오피 조루 유흥 argue 강남오피 신정동 오피 glow 부천오피 오피 쓰봉 대구달리기 correspond 대전오피 경남 진주 오피 implore 유흥사이트 오피 갤러리 부산달리기 cost 오피가이드 서울대 오피 후기 sally 휴게텔 한양대 오피 풀싸롱 surmise 업소사이트 부천 오피 tremble 부산오피 망고 오피 부산달리기 shock 휴게텔 대구 오피 state 풀싸롱 오피 블랙리스트 텐프로 sprout 레깅스룸 오피 +의미 ferry 업소 야왕 오피 유흥사이트 upset 오피사이트 대구 북구 오피 inflame 인천달리기 야구장 오피 대구달리기 decide 오피가이드 오피 69 complain 셔츠룸 오피 뒤태 강남안마 그런데 업소사이트 하양 오피 여러가지 대구달리기 오피 개수제한 인천달리기 ply 인천달리기 대구 오피 일베 bereave 오피 여의도 오피 유흥사이트 taste 유흥업소 러시아 오피 adjust 풀싸롱 오피 경험 레깅스룸 detect 레깅스룸 해운대 오피 invite 대구의밤 부산 오피 코스프레 오피 remove 부천오피 오피 리뷰 먹튀는 없습니다 대전오피 부산 장산 오피

Different Cultures Enhances Creativity

Creativity can be enhanced by experiencing cultures different from one’s own, according to a study in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin (published by SAGE).

Three studies looked at students who had lived abroad and those who hadn’t, testing them on different aspects of creativity. Relative to a control group, which hadn’t experienced a different culture, participants in the different culture group provided more evidence of creativity in various standard tests of the trait. Those results suggest that multicultural learning is a critical component of the adaptation process, acting as a creativity catalyst.

 

The researchers believe that the key to the enhanced creativity was related to the students’ open-minded approach in adapting to the new culture. In a global world, where more people are able to acquire multicultural experiences than ever before, this research indicates that living abroad can be even more beneficial than previously thought.

“Given the literature on structural changes in the brain that occur during intensive learning experiences, it would be worthwhile to explore whether neurological changes occur within the creative process during intensive foreign culture experiences,” write the authors, William W. Maddux, Hajo Adam, and Adam D. Galinsky. “That can help paint a more nuanced picture of how foreign culture experiences may not only enhance creativity but also, perhaps literally, as well as figuratively, broaden the mind.

The article “When in Rome… Learn Why the Romans Do What They Do: How Multicultural Learning Experiences Facilitate Creativity” in the June 2010 issue of Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin.

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Eating your veggies and fruits linked to mental health

A new study published in the BMJ Open suggests eating five a day is linked to better mental well-being.

Woman-holding-fruits
Eating your “5 a day” increases changes of higher mental well-being, the researchers say.

A previous study suggested that consuming five portions of fruits and vegetables a day is the optimum amount for lowering the risk of death from any cause, which contradicts another study that suggested we should be eating seven portions of fruit and veg a day.

The researchers from this latest study, led by Dr. Saverio Stranges of the University of Warwick Medical School in the UK, used data from the Health Survey for England, which included nearly 14,000 adults over the age of 16.

This survey collected detailed information on the mental and physical health of the participants, as well as their health-related behaviors, demographics and socio-economic characteristics.

In addition, the team assessed the participants’ mental well-being using the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale, putting the top 15% of participants in the “high mental well-being” group, the bottom 15% in the low group, and those between 16-84% in the middle group.

‘The higher the veg and fruit intake, the lower the chance of low well-being’

Overall, the researchers found that high and low mental well-being were typically associated with the participants’ fruit and vegetable intake.

In detail, 35.5% of participants with high mental well-being ate five or more portions of fruits and vegetables a day, compared with only 6.8% who consumed less than one portion.

Additionally, 31.4% of the individuals from the high mental well-being group ate three to four fruit and veg portions per day, and 28.4% ate one to two.

“The data suggest that [the] higher an individual’s fruit and vegetable intake, the lower the chance of their having low mental well-being,” says Dr. Stranges.

The researchers also considered other health-related behaviors – such as smoking, alcohol intake and obesity – and found that only smoking and fruit and vegetable intake were consistently associated with mental well-being.

Dr. Stranges explains:

“Along with smoking, fruit and vegetable consumption was the health-related behavior most consistently associated with both low and high mental well-being. These novel findings suggest that fruit and vegetable intake may play a potential role as a driver, not just of physical, but also of mental well-being in the general population.”

Alcohol intake and obesity were associated with low, but not high mental well-being, the researchers add.

Enhancing well-being while preventing cancer

According to the team, high mental well-being is more than simply the absence of symptoms or illness – it is the condition of feeling good and functioning well. They add that optimism, happiness, self-esteem, resilience and good relationships are also part of this mode of being.

According to co-author Prof. Sarah Stewart-Brown, mental illness “is hugely costly to both the individual and society, and mental well-being underpins many physical diseases, unhealthy lifestyles and social inequalities in health.”

She says enabling people to maintain good well-being is important from a research perspective.

“Our findings add to the mounting evidence that fruit and vegetable intake could be one such factor and mean that people are likely to enhance their mental well-being at the same time as preventing heart disease and cancer,” she adds.

When asked about whether the study accounted for physical activity, Dr. Stranges told Medical News Today that one of the limitations of the study was that such data “was not available in the Health Survey for England,” leaving room for further study

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light

For it is not light that is needed, but fire; it is not the gentle shower, but thunder. We need the storm, the whirlwind, and the earthquake. The feeling of the nation must be quickened; the conscience of the nation must be roused; the propriety of the nation must be startled; the hypocrisy of the nation must be exposed; and its crimes against God and man must be proclaimed and denounced. Frederick Douglass

 

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